Early Years Foundation Stage

Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.​

 

The EarlyYears FoundationStage(EYFS)sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure children’s ‘school readiness’ and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.

  1. TheEYFSseekstoprovide:

    • quality and consistency in all early years settings, so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind

    • a secure foundation through learning and development opportunities which are planned around the needs and interests of each individual child and are assessed and reviewed regularly

    • partnership working between practitioners and with parents and/or carers

    • equality of opportunity and anti-discriminatory practice, ensuring that every

      child is included and supported

There are seven areas of learning and development that must shape educational programmes in early years settings. All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. These three areas, the prime areas, are:

  • communication and language

  • physical development

  • personal, social and emotional development

Providers must also support children in four specific areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied. The specific areas are:

  • literacy

  • mathematics

  • understanding the world

  • expressive arts and design

(Early Years Foundation Stage Framework 2017)

In the Reception Year, the curriculum is planned and resourced to take children’s learning forward and to provide opportunities for all

children to succeed in an atmosphere of care and of feeling valued. The curriculum is designed to ignite children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and to build their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. It is planned in seven areas of learning and development; all areas are important and inter-connected. Educational programmes must involve activities and experiences for children, as follows below: 

 

 

Communication & Language

“…development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations..” 

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Physical Development

“…involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.”

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Personal, Social & Emotional Development

“…involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.”

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Literacy

“…development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.”

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Mathematics

"...involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measure".

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Understanding the World

..."involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.'

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

Expressive Art & Design

..."involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.'

(EYFS Statutory Framework 2017)

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